Security advisory: QLockFile, QAuthenticator, Windows platform plugin
Recently, the Qt Project's security team was made aware of an issue regarding Qt's usage of LoadLibrary in a few locations and determined it to be a security issue on Windows only.
Specifically, the problem is connected to when LoadLibrary is used to load a system library, such as opengl.dll as these are expected to be located inside the system Windows directory. However, LoadLibrary will search in the current working directory first to see if a dll with the same name is available there first and as a result it can end up trying to load that one instead of the correct one. This can mean that it can invoke the Preload routine of the dll before trying to load the symbols needed by the caller.
This can be worked around in any application, by calling:
SetSearchPathMode(BASE_SEARCH_PATH_ENABLE_SAFE_SEARCHMODE | BASE_SEARCH_PATH_PERMANENT);
creating the Q[Core|Gui]Application object and then any calls to LoadLibrary will only check in the current working directory after it has searched the other paths which should suffice to prevent the problem.
Patches are available for the currently supported versions of Qt can be found here:
Qt 6.2: https://codereview.qt-project.org/c/qt/qtbase/+/396689 or https://download.qt.io/official_releases/qt/6.2/CVE-2022-25643-6.2.diff
Qt 5.15: https://codereview.qt-project.org/c/qt/tqtc-qtbase/+/396690 or https://download.qt.io/official_releases/qt/5.15/CVE-2022-25643-5.15.diff
The official CVE report for this can be found here: https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-25634
Update: It has been reported that the workaround is not always working, so it is recommended to see: https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/topic/secure-loading-of-libraries-to-prevent-dll-preloading-attacks-d41303ec-0748-9211-f317-2edc819682e1 for further options in that respect.
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