Security advisory: QProcess
Recently, the Qt Project's security team was made aware of an issue regarding QProcess and determined it to be a security issue on Unix-based platforms only. We do not believe this to be a considerable risk for applications as the likelihood of it being triggered is minimal.
Specifically, the problem is around using QProcess to start an application without having an absolute path, and as a result, it depends on it finding it in the PATH environment variable. As a result, it may be possible for an attacker to place their copy of the executable in question inside the working/current directory for the QProcess and have it invoked that instead.
This situation is expected on Windows because it will search that directory first before the PATH environment variable finds the executable in question. However, it is not normal on Unix-based platforms to search the working/current directory if it cannot find it in the PATH environment variable. Therefore, it could enable an attacker to place a malicious executable there with the same name.
If you are using QProcess with an absolute or relative path, then this is not a problem; it will invoke that one specifically, but if you are using it like:
it could run into this problem.
Patches are available for the currently supported versions of Qt and Qt 5.12 can be found here:
Qt 6.2: https://codereview.qt-project.org/c/qt/qtbase/+/394914 or https://download.qt.io/official_releases/qt/6.2/CVE-2022-25255-qprocess6-2.diff
Qt 5.15: https://codereview.qt-project.org/c/qt/tqtc-qtbase/+/394919 or https://download.qt.io/official_releases/qt/5.15/CVE-2022-25255-qprocess5-15.diff
Qt 5.12: https://codereview.qt-project.org/c/qt/qtbase/+/396020
If you prefer not to patch Qt, you can get around this by ensuring a complete path for your application instead of inside QProcess. You can utilize QStandardPaths::findExecutable() for this purpose as this will search your PATH environment variable and, as a result, will give you a safe path to use.
The official CVE report for this can be found here: https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2022-25255
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